Linux is a free, powerful and open source operating system, it has many different distributions, such as Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS, RedHat, openSUSE, Arch, Fedora, and etc. If you are a new Linux user, you will be confused about what version of your Linux machine. Here is the command to help you know your Linux OS version and distribution.
Finding your distribution information by using “lsb_release -a”
The lsb_release command gives Linux Standard Base and distribution-specific information on the Linux terminal, please use to following steps.
Step 1: Open up the terminal window
Step 2: Type in the following command
root@la:~# lsb_release -a Distributor ID: Debian Description: Debian GNU/Linux 9.5 (stretch) Release: 9.5 Codename: stretch
So, the output tells you that your Linux distribution is “Debian”, the OS version is 9.5
Finding Linux OS information by using “/etc/os-release“
os-release is a file contains your Linux release information.
Simply type the following command in the terminal:
root@la:~# cat /etc/os-release PRETTY_NAME="Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch)" NAME="Debian GNU/Linux" VERSION_ID="9" VERSION="9 (stretch)" ID=debian HOME_URL="https://www.debian.org/" SUPPORT_URL="https://www.debian.org/support" BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.debian.org/"
Finding Linux OS information by using “uname -a“
Just type in the following command in the Linux terminal:
root@la:~# uname -a Linux yy.xxxxxxx.com 4.9.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.65-3+deb9u1 (2017-12-23) x86_64 GNU/Linux
So, let’s analyze the output, Linux means your system is Linux, right? yy.xxxxx.com is the example host address of your Linux system, it is various and depends on your actual computer; 4.9.0-4-amd64 means the kernel version, amd64 means the kernel build for amd64 architecture; Debian means your Linux distribution called Debian
Finding Linux OS information by using “hostnamectl”
If you want to see what your hostname is, type hostnamectl command in your terminal.
root@la:~# hostnamectl Static hostname: yy.xxxxxx.com Icon name: computer-vm Chassis: vm Machine ID: 1a9848cb913b4xxxxxxxxxxx58850778 Boot ID: 5cae482324a14xxxxxxxxxxx806b4c76 Virtualization: kvm Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch) Kernel: Linux 4.9.0-4-amd64 Architecture: x86-64
There is another option: screenfetch
screenfetch is a tool to get your Linux system information from the terminal.
Screenfetch can display the following information:
- Linux distribution info
- Linux kernel version
- the number of installed packages on your system
- shell name and version
- screen resolution
- the name and version of your desktop environment
- window manager
- CPU, GPU and RAM info
However, you need install screenfetchin your system first. Here is the quick install tip for screenfetch.
For Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Deepin, and any Debian based Linux Distro
Open your terminal windows and type in the following command:
sudo apt install screenfetch
Install screenfetch on Fedora
sudo dnf install screenfetch
Install screenfetch on Arch
sudo pacman -S screenfetch
How to use scrrenfetch to get your Linux system information
Simply run the following command in the terminal:
Now, you can see the logo and your Linux system information. Just like the following picture.
For more helpful tips, please learn more at the home page.